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The software Respondus is a powerful and helpful program which assists in creating assessments from various file formats (ie: .doc, .docx, .txt), which are uploaded for deployment in a course in either the Blackboard Learn. In order for Respondus to recognize the questions, specific formatting is required. This page gives examples of how question types are used and how they should be written and formatted.

Question Type Formatting Guidelines and Examples:

Multiple Choice Question

Each answer must begin with a letter (A-T) followed by a period “.” or a parentheses “)”.

3) Who determined the exact speed of light?
a. Albert Einstein
*b) Albert Michelson
c) Thomas Edison
d. Guglielmo Marconi

True and False Question

Each answer must begin with a letter (A-T) followed by a period “.” or a parentheses “)”.
The process of importing “true and false” questions is similar to that used for importing multiple choice questions. Both of the following examples are valid ways to format a true and false question for importing purposes.

3) Albert Michelson determined the exact speed of light?

*a) True
b) False


3) Albert Michelson determined the exact speed of light?

*a. T
b. F

Essay Question

Each answer must begin with a letter (A-T) followed by a period “.” or a parentheses “)”.
The logic for importing essay questions is similar to what is described above for Multiple Choice and True & False questions. The primary difference is that the first line of formatting must begin with “Type: E”. This is followed by the “Title” (which is optional), the question number, and the question wording.

Type: E
Title: Michelson-Morely experiment

4) How is the Michelson-Morely experiment related to Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity?

If you are importing an essay question into an Exam file, you can supply an answer two different ways. First, you may provide an answer immediately after the question wording, beginning the answer with “a.” or “a)” (without the quotes).

Type: E
Title: Michelson-Morely experiment

4) How is the Michelson-Morely experiment related to Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity?

a) In 1887, Albert Michelson and Edward Morely carried out experiments to detect the change in speed of light due to ether wind when the Earth moved around the sun. The result was negative. They found the speed of light is always the same regardless of Earth's motion around the sun. Scientists were puzzled with this negative result, and they didn't know how to explain it. Albert Einstein came up with the answer in his famous second postulate in theory of relativity: that the speed of light (in vacuum) is always constant and absolute, regardless of its source's motion and observer's movement.

The second way to supply an answer for an essay question is to place it in a list of correct answers at the end of the file. As described above with multiple choice questions, the list must begin with the heading “Answers:” and must be positioned at the end of the file. The answer to an essay question should begin with the corresponding question number, followed by either a period “.” or a parentheses “)”. This is then followed by a space and then the answer.

Answers:
1. A
2. C
3. B
4. In 1887, Albert Michelson and Edward Morely carried out experiments to detect the change in speed of light due to ether wind when the Earth moved around the sun. The result was negative. They found the speed of light is always the same regardless of Earth's motion around the sun. Scientists were puzzled with this negative result, and they didn't know how to explain it. Albert Einstein came up with the answer in his famous second postulate in theory of relativity: that the speed of light (in vacuum) is always constant and absolute, regardless of its source's motion and observer's movement.
5. B

Again, all answers are ignored if they are imported into survey files.

Fill in the Blank Question

Fill in the blank questions may be imported by starting the first line of formatting with “Type: F”. This is followed by the “Title” (which is optional), the question number, and the question wording.

Type: F
Title: Who invented television?
5. Who is known as the "father of television”?

Respondus allows only one correct answer per question, but it does permit you to enter multiple forms of that answer.

Type: F
Title: Who invented television?
5. Who is known as the "father of television"?

a. Zworykin
b. Vladimir Zworykin
c. Vladimir Kosma Zworykin

Answers can also be placed at the end of the file, using a format similar to multiple choice questions. The only difference is that you can enter multiple forms of an answer by repeating the question number.

Answers:
1. A
2. C
3. B
4. C
5. Zworykin
5. Vladimir Zworykin
5. Vladimir Kosma Zworykin
6. B

Mulitple Fill in Blanks Question

Fill in multiple blanks questions may be imported by starting the first line of formatting with “Type: FMB”. This is followed by the “Title” (which is optional), the question number, and the question wording with the words to be filled in provided in [square brackets]. The wording can include up to 10 [words] to be filled in, each of which can have up to 20 correct answers.

Type: FMB
Title: Multiple blanks
5. A [rose] by any other [name] would smell as [sweet].

Respondus allows multiple correct answers per blank to be specified by separating each correct answer inside the brackets with commas.

Type: FMB
Title: Multiple blanks
5. A [rose, red flower] by any other [name] would smell as [sweet, good].

General feedback can be imported by placing the tilde “~” symbol in front of the feedback for a correct answer. The @ symbol can be used to indicate the feedback for incorrect answers. There must be at least one space to the right of the ~ and @ symbols and the text you want displayed for the feedback. The feedback must appear after the question wording

Type: FMB
Title: Multiple blanks
5. A [rose, red flower] by any other [name] would smell as [sweet, good].

~ Correct. Well done.

@ Incorrect. A rose by any other name would smell as sweet – or – A red flower by any other name would smell as good.

Matching Question

The process of importing a “matching” question is similar to what is described above for importing multiple choice questions, but there are some key differences. The first line of formatting must begin with “Type: MT”. This is followed by the “title” (which is optional), the question number, and the question wording.

Each answer (which consists of both parts of a correct match) must begin with a letter (a-t) followed by a period “.” or a parentheses “)”. The two parts of the match must be separated with an “=” symbol and there should not be any hard returns or blank lines within either parts of the answer.

Type: MT
Title: Scientific discoveries

4) Match the correct name to the discovery or theory.
a. Michelson-Morely = Speed of light
b. Einstein = Theory of Relativity
c. Marconi = radio waves

Spaces before or after the “=” symbol are optional, but it is important that an answer only uses the = symbol for the purpose of separating the two parts of the match. If you plan to list correct answers for other questions at the bottom of the document, simply skip the number for all questions that are of the matching variety.

Ordering Question

Ordering questions may be imported by starting the first line of formatting with “Type: ORD”. This is followed by the “Title” (which is optional), the question number, the question wording, and the answer choices which must be in the correct order.

Type: ORD
Title: Presidential Order
5. Put the following presidents in order of 	service?
a. George Washington
b. John Adams
c. Thomas Jefferson
d. James Madison
e. James Monroe

Each answer (which must be in the correct order) must begin with a letter (a-t) followed by a period “.” or a parentheses “)”.

General feedback can be imported by placing the tilde “~” symbol in front of the feedback for a correct answer. The @ symbol can be used to indicate the feedback for incorrect answers. There must be at least one space to the right of the ~ and @ symbols and the text you want displayed for the feedback. The feedback must appear before the answer choices.

Type: ORD
Title: Olympic Order
5. Put the following Summer Olympic host cities in chronological order of when they hosted the 	Olympics?

~ Correct. You know your Olympic history.

@ Incorrect. Montreal, Moscow, Los Angeles, Seoul and Barcelona are the correct order.

a. Montreal, Canada
b. Moscow, Soviet Union
c. Los Angeles, United States
d. Seoul, South Korea
e. Barcelona, Spain

Jumbled Sentence Question

Jumbled Sentences may be imported by starting the first line of formatting with “Type: JUM”. This is followed by the “Title” (which is optional), the question number, and question wording with the phrases to jumble in square brackets.

Type: JUM
Title: Jumbled Sentence
6. A [rose] by [any other name] would [smell] as [sweet].

General feedback can be imported by placing the tilde “~” symbol in front of the feedback for a correct answer. The @ symbol can be used to indicate the feedback for incorrect answers. There must be at least one space to the right of the ~ and @ symbols and the text you want displayed for the feedback. The feedback must appear after the question wording and before any additional distracters. Additional distracters may be added below the question wording and optional feedback. Distracters must begin with a letter (a-t) followed by a period “.” or a parentheses “)”.

Type: JUM
Title: Jumbled quote
6. [Dream] as if you'll [live] forever, live as if you'll [die] tomorrow.

~ Correct. Good job.

@ Incorrect. Dream as if you’ll live forever, live as if you’ll die tomorrow.

a. Swim
b. float
c. sink

Multiple Answers Question

The logic for importing questions that have multiple answers is similar to what is described above for importing multiple choice questions. (Multiple Answers questions are, essentially, multiple choice questions in which more than one correct answer can – and generally should – be selected by the student). The primary difference is that the first line of the formatting must begin with “Type: MA”. This is followed by the “Title” (which is optional), the question number, and the question wording. Correct answers are designated with an asterisk.

Type: MA
3) Which of the following individuals are credited with determining the exact speed of light?

a. Albert Einstein
*b. Albert Michelson
c. Thomas Edison
*d. Edward Williams Morley

To include a “title” or “feedback” with the Multiple Answers question, follow the same formatting rules described above for multiple choice questions. For instance,

Title: Speed of Light
3) Which of the following individuals are credited with determining the exact speed of light?

~ Yes. Albert Michelson and Edward Williams Morley collaborated on a series of experiments that eventually led to the exact determination of the speed of light.

@ No. Albert Michelson and Edward Williams Morley collaborated on a series of experiments that eventually led to the exact determination of the speed of light.

a. Albert Einstein
*b. Albert Michelson
c. Thomas Edison
*d. Edward Williams Morley

Importing Images with Questions

Images embedded in MS Word files will import automatically. However, it is possible to import images with rich-text or txt files using an alternate method. First, be sure that the images in gif, jpg, or jpeg format and are contained in a separate folder. Then place the following tag at each place where an image should appear: [ img: “filename.jpg” ] . The word “filename.jpg” should be replaced with the actual file name.

3) The interferometer, shown here [img: “interferometer.jpg”], was used by which of the following scientists.
a. Albert Einstein
*b. Albert Michelson
c. Thomas Edison
d. Vladimir Zworykin

To include alternative text for ADA-compliant screen readers, place the desired text in a second set of quotes immediately following the quotes that contain the file name:

[img: “interferometer.jpg” “Picture of an interferometer”].

All images that are being imported must be placed in a single folder. During the import process, the location of the image folder must be specified in the first step. After the import is complete, the images will appear inline with the question text.

Complete Documentation

Click here for a document containing support on the different formats Respondus uses for the different types of questions used in assessments (multiple choice, short answer, matching etc.)

  • You may choose to save the file or open it with Microsoft Word.
  • Once you have opened the document you will see content anchors for the document.
  • Select "Importing Questions to Respondus" from the "Start Menu" title. This feature will jump you down to page 12 where the desired content begins
  • The formatting examples and instructions for formatting begin on page 14.